ABSTRACT. Scheffer J.P., Atallah F.A., Gomes C., Estupañan O.F.T., Silva S.J.Q., Silva T.I.R., Vale D.F. & Oliveira A.L.A. [Reconstructive surgery in traumatic wound care in small animals]. Cirurgia reconstrutiva no tratamento de feridas traumáticas em pequenos animais. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 35(Supl. 1):70-78, 2013. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000, Parque California, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ 28013-602, Brasil. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org The term reconstructive surgery, refers to using techniques of tissue reconstruction, like grafts, flaps, to correct traumatic skin defects, when primary closure is not possible due to excess tension. The grafts can be done as a lot of shapes, or just using relieving tension sutures. The retails can be done as axial patterns or as the pad pattern, though the first been the most efficient. Independently of the technique used, some pre and post operatory care must be taken, to sure the surgical success, like a soundly, non traumatic, avoiding surgical tension, distortion, hematomas, retail infection and flap circulatory compromise. At the time of the surgical technique choice, should be taken into account the wound area, location, tension lines, skin avalilability and surgeons preference. The use of cadavers for the study and development of anaplasty technique is indicated, since the main factor for flap necrosis is the error in the surgical option. Surgical oncology demands imagination, skills, good anatomy knowledge. Reconstructive surgery has been routinely used in Veterinary Medicine, for its use in returning the tissue function and acceptable esthetics.