ABSTRACT. dos Santos-Sousa C.A., Stocco A.V., Ferreira L.T., Silva S.C., Gomes M.S. & Abidu-Figueiredo M. [Atypical drainage of the renal vein in rabbits - Case report.] Drenagem atípica da veia renal em coelho - Relato de caso. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 38(2):105-107, 2016. Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465, Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23897-970, Brasil. E-mail: email@example.com Knowledge of the renal vessels variations has importance in a systematization program of radiological and surgical anatomy, both in humans and animals, applied for research and surgical training. Renal veins have been considered by dissective or angiographic study means. Particular attention has been paid to the study of these vessels, outlining the variations noticed among various animal species. Both renal veins right and the left drain its contents to the caudal vena cava. Thus, the aim of this report is to describe a case in which the left renal vein does not drain into the caudal vena cava in rabbit.