Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings in a bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) with cervical spondylomyelopathy: A case report


hemiparesis, tetraparesis, feline, wildlife.

How to Cite

Fugazzotto, D., Costa Devoti, C., Cassano, I. A., Berti, E., Brusati, M., & Zeira, O. (2022). Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings in a bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) with cervical spondylomyelopathy: A case report. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 44, e003921.


An adult neutered male Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) presented with abnormal gait. Neurological examination showed poor left ambulatory hemiparesis, spontaneous proprioceptive deficit in the left anterior limb, and decreased flexor reflex in the forelimbs. The neurological symptoms suggested a caudal cervical spinal cord lesion. Pathological findings included increased cholinesterase and protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Computed tomography examination revealed C2-C3 intervertebral disc herniation, C5-C6 intervertebral disc herniation associated with a reduction of the intervertebral space, and mild ventral dislocation of the C6 vertebra compared to C5. In addition, severe bilateral shoulder osteoarthritis and a hypoattenuating nodule in the left thyroid gland with an open etiology were observed. These findings were interpreted as indicating cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM). Treatment included analgesic and steroidal anti-inflammatory therapy as well as movement restriction. Follow-up at 4 weeks showed modest improvement. Thus, CSM should be included in the differential diagnosis of tigers with neurological cervical signs.


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Copyright (c) 2022 Domenico Fugazzotto, Chiara Costa Devoti, Ilaria Anna Cassano, Elisa Berti, Marta Brusati, Offer Zeira