Influence of weight loss on heart rate variability in dogs

Keywords: Autonomic balance; obesity; dogs.

Abstract

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays a role in the regulation of the cardiovascular system through sympathetic and parasympathetic modulations, which act in an associated way in the regulation of homeostasis. This regulation exercised by the ANS is determined by numerous factors including breathing, stress, temperature, blood pressure and physical activity. Cardiac nerve regulation is influenced by obesity, but the autonomic response present in this disorder has not yet been elucidated. It is known that a 10% increase in body fat is able to lead to a decrease in parasympathetic action and an increase in heart rate. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) allows the evaluation of autonomic heart modulation through the ventricular depolarization intervals to the electrocardiogram (ECG), and provides information on the relationship and contribution of the ANS to the neural influence of heart rate control. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the HRV by means of an electrocardiographic examination in obese dogs with Body Condition Score (BCS) 8/9 and 9/9, comparing with HRV of the same animals, after therapy with therapeutic ration in the period of 6 months, as well as the comparison with control group with lean animals. With the results obtained in the present study, it can be inferred that probably the imbalance in the autonomic activity due to obesity in dogs is not the same as in humans and that a greater understanding of this regulation in these animals is necessary, especially considering their vagotonia. The diet program based on low-calorie ration reached approximately 10% and 20% of weight reduction after two and six months, respectively. Obesity raises HRV by increasing parasympathetic activity in the autonomic regulation of the heart in dogs.
Published
2019-04-10
How to Cite
Filho, M. dos S., Hainfellner, D. C., de Oliveira Lemos, N. M., Mendes, C. de O. F., Malandrim, P., Campos, J. M., Ballot, S., de Oliveira, P. C., & Paiva, J. P. (2019). Influence of weight loss on heart rate variability in dogs. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 41, e98119. https://doi.org/10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm98119
Section
Scientific articles