Outbreaks of conidiobolomycosis caused by Conidiobolus lamprauges in sheep in the state of Bahia, northeastern of Brazil

  • Tiago da Cunha Peixoto
  • Eliene Barbosa de Lima
  • Soraya Santos Farias
  • Margareth Moura Ferreira
  • Alan G.C. Macêdo
  • Luciano Nakazato
  • Caroline Argenta Pescador
  • Mariana Sequeira Mariana Sequeira d’Avila
  • Vivian Assunção Nogueira Carvalho
  • Karina Medici Madureira
Keywords: Conidiobolus, zygomycosis, mycotic rhinitis, northeastern.

Abstract

The present work describes the occurrence of two conidiobolomycosis outbreaks in Santa Ines breed
sheep, in the state of Bahia. The first outbreak (FO) occurred in a property located in Santo Estevao city,
involving three animals, and the second outbreak (SO) occurred in a property in Entre Rios city, affecting one 

sheep. In both outbreaks, the clinical findings were characterized by progressive weight loss, dyspnea, and
bloody serous nasal discharge. In the FO was also observed unilateral craniofacial asymmetry, associated
with exophthalmia and epiphora of the right eye. Autopsies performed on the three FO sheep showed
a large mass predominantly yellowish-white with red-black areas of the uneven surface, finely granular,
moist and crumbly located in the ethmoidal region, invading the nasopharyngeal, choana, sinuses, retro
bulbar region, who infiltrated the cribriform plate and reached the meninges. In two sheep of the FO, the
mass reached the front portion of the brain. In SO sheep it was found, on the mucous membrane of the
nasal vestibule, small red-black multifocal to coalescing nodules, with eroded surface and hyperemia
of the nasal turbinates with hemorrhagic catarrhal secretion, and in the most rostral portion of nasal
cavity, the mucosa had a irregular, wet, bleeding and red-black surface, with blackish gray and brownish
areas, displaying partial focal destruction of nasal turbinates. Microscopic examination of granulomatous
lesions revealed multiple areas of coagulation necrosis containing intense reaction of Splendore-Hoeppli
associated with negative images of fungal hyphae and granulomatous inflammation. In all cases, the
GMS and PAS staining showed numerous wide hyphae, with bulbous distension at one end. By PCR
technique it was characterized Conidiobolus lamprauges by analysis of serum samples of two sheep and
paraffin block lesions of one sheep. Immunohistochemical analyzes were positive for C. lamprauges in
all animals. It can be proved, for the first time, the occurrence of nasopharyngeal / rhinocerebral and
rhinofacial conidiobolomycosis infection by C. lamprauges in the state of Bahia.

Published
2018-05-20

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