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ABSTRACT. Santos A.S., Carlos R.S.A., Said R.A. & Albuquerque G.R. [Epidemiologic aspects of infestation of Lynxacarus radovskyi in cats from municipality of Ilhéus and Itabuna, Bahia]. Aspectos epidemiológicos da infestação por Lynxacarus radovskyi em gatos domésticos nos municípios de Ilhéus e Itabuna, Bahia. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária 33(2):115-119, 2011. Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade Estadual de Ilhéus, Rodovia Ilhéus-Itabuna km 16, Salobrinho, Ilhéus, 45662-000, BA, Brasil. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological aspects of Lynxacarus radovskyi infections in the domestic cats from Ilhéus and Itabuna cities, Bahia, Brazil. Samples of hair of 224 cats were collected and examined under the microscope to identify these ectoparasites, with 79 (35.27%) positive for L. radovski. There was a significant association between a lynxacariose infections and the skin lesions (p = 0.01), the length of hair (p = 0.01), the Persian breed (p = 0018), the shower and hair cut access (p = 0,018) and the contact with other cats (p = 0.04). Beside this 9,37% (21/224) were also positive to Felicola subrostratus, and eight cats (3,57%) were positive for both parasites. This indicates that there is both parasites in cat population at the municipality of Ihéus and Itabuna. There was a statistical significance of the association between F. subrostratus and the hair color (p = 0.02) and the contact with other cats (p = 0.01).