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ABSTRACT. da Costa R. de C.S., Botteon, R. de C.C.M., Neves, D.M. & Scherer, P.O. [Oral health of primates of the species Cebus apella (Linnaeus, 1758) maintained at the Center of Screening of Wild Animals-IBAMA, in the State of Rio de Janeiro]. Saúde oral de primatas da espécie Cebus apella (Linnaeus, 1758) mantidos no Centro de triagem de animais silvestres-IBAMA no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 34(2):86-90, 2012. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária (Ciências Clínicas e Patologia Animal), Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brasil. E-mail: email@example.com The status of oral health of 20 non-human primate Cebus apella (N = 20) was assessed, from actions to suppress trafficking in wild animals, wildlife rescue and voluntary surrender, kept under the custody and guardianship permanent CETAS / IBAMA Seropédica, RJ. In this group, nine (45%) were male and eleven (55%) were females, one (5%) were young and 19 (95%) were adults. Among the animals evaluated, 70% (14) presented dental calculus, 40% (8) presented periodontal disease, 40% (8) presented dental fractures, 35% (7) presented tooth wear, 20% (4) presented malocclusion, 10 % (2) presented no decay, 5% (1) had traumatic pulp exposure, 5% (1) presented fistula infra-orbital and 5% (1) presented tooth avulsion. This study ascertained the importance and necessity of verifying the status of oral health for neotropical primates in captivity so that be possible identify the patient who needs dental treatment and avoid early loss of teeth and possible local and systemic complications and thus contribute to the maintenance of its state of full health, improving their quality of life in captivity. The development of a protocol for dental evaluation from the time of animal dental screening centers of wild animals is presented as a foundation for best practice clinical and surgical dental neotropical primates in captivity.