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ABSTRACT. dos Santos C.S., Guedes Júnior D. da S., Pereira R. de C.G., dos Santos C. de C.A., Castro V. & de Jesus V.L.T. [serological survey of equine leptospirosis at the Microregion of Itaguaí in the State of Rio de Janeiro]. Inquérito sorológico da ocorrência de leptospirose em equídeos da microrregião de Itaguaí no estado do Rio de Janeiro-RJ. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 34(2):96-100, 2012. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro. BR-465 km 7, Seropédica, 23890-000, RJ. Brasil. E-mail: email@example.com A survey of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies in animal from a horse breeding establishment located at the microregion of Itaguaí in the State of Rio de Janeiro was conducted. One hundred and thirty-nine blood samples from horses were collected and subjected to microscopic agglutination test (MAT). A total of 71.9% (100) of the samples had agglutinating antibodies against one or more serovars, with the predominance of Bratislava (29.2%), followed by Pomona (19.8%), Copenhagen (17.5%) and Hardjo prajitno (12.7%) Serovars. The reactivity rate between males (63.6%) and females (78.57%) showed no significant difference (p = 0.11). The group of animals younger than two years of age differed significantly from the others (p=0.0003). The results demonstrate that the animals of this micro-region have a high exposure to different Leptospira. serovars.