Prevalency and etiology of dairy cattle mastitis in the Island of São Luís in the State of Maranhão, Brazil
ABSTRACT. Brito D.A.P., Oliveira I.S.S., Brito D.R.B. & Costa F.N. [Prevalency and etiology of dairy cattle mastitis in the Island of São Luís in the State of Maranhão, Brazil.] Prevalência e etiologia da mastite em bovinos leiteiros da Ilha de São Luís, estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 36(4):389-395, 2014. Departamento de Desenvolvimento Educacional, Instituto Federal do Maranhão, Avenida dos Curiós, s/n, Vila Esperança, São Luís, MA 65095-460, Brasil. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and etiology of bovine mastitis in the dairy region of the island of São Luís, Maranhão State. We examined 217 cows from 14 farms located in São Luís, Paço do Lumiar, São José de Ribamar and Raposa, using a strip cup and California Mastitis Test (CMT). Milk samples were collected from positive mammary quarters and subjected to microbiological analysis. Of 857 rooms mammary evaluated, 27 (3.12%) had clinical mastitis and 215 (25.08%) subclinical mastitis. In samples of reagents to CMT, 69 showed score 1+, 103 scores 2 + and 43 score 3 +. The milk positive samples for the tests were subjected to microbiological tests for the isolation and identification of infectious agents. Of the 242 samples of milk examined, 204 (84.29%) had growth of microorganisms and 38 (15.70%) had not growth. The microorganisms isolated were coagulase negative Staphylococcus (26.42%), Staphylococcus coagulase positive (14.23%), S. aureus (14.23%), Streptococcus spp. (20.33%), Corynebacterium spp. (3.25%), yeast (2.44%) and Gram negative bacilli (1.22%). The results show a high frequency of breast quarters with clinical and subclinical mastitis and Staphylococcus coagulase negative was the etiologic agent most frequently isolated was, indicating the need for adoption of control measures aimed at improving hygiene conditions during milking.
Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC 4.0), allowing the sharing of work with acknowledgement of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal. They may take additional contracts separately, with acknowledgement of authorship and initial publication in this journal. They are authorized to publish and distribute their work online after publication by BJVM.
The AUTHOR is informed and agrees with the journal that, therefore, its article may be incorporated into existing databases and scientific information systems (indexers and current databases) or existing in the future (indexers and future databases), under the conditions defined by the latter at all times, which shall at least involve the possibility that the holders of these databases may perform the following actions on the article: Reproduce, transmit and distribute the article, in whole or in part in any form or means of electronic transmission existing or developed in the future, including electronic transmission for research, viewing and printing purposes; extract figures, tables, illustrations, and other graphic objects, and capture metadata, captions, and related articles for search, preview, and print purposes. Scan and/or store images and electronic article text.