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Corticosteroids are drugs widely used in veterinary neurology due to their recognized analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. However, their use in high doses and long terms may result in undesirable effects and disorders in other systems. This study describes the prevalence of dogs with neurological diseases referred to a veterinary neurology reference service with previous prescription of corticosteroids. For the retrospective study 284 medical records of dogs were evaluated in the period between August 2017 and April 2019. Of these, 194 (68%) patients already had medical care by another veterinary, and, 100 (52%) had previous prescription for the corticosteroid use. After the diagnosis, the dose was suspended in 28% of the cases, adjusted in 41% and maintained in 31%. Dogs with immunosuppressive doses prescription were the most affected, and the medication was adjusted or suspended in 71% and 21% of the cases, respectively. In conclusion, the therapy for neurological diseases is still strongly associated with the indiscriminate use of corticosteroids, without a dose correlation with the desired effect.