CORTICOSTEROIDS USE IN NEUROLOGY: HOW DOGS ARE REFERRAL TO A NEUROLOGY SERVICE?

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Gabriela Wacheleski Brock
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6764-8256
Maria Eduarda Lopes Fernandes
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1414-2475
Clarice Gonring Corrêa
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3307-7736
Anna Julia Rodrigues Peixoto
Alex Gradowski Adeodato
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1205-8413
Daniel de Almeida Balthazar
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9641-0674
Marta Fernanda de Albuquerque da Silva
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5651-3855
Cássia Maria Molinaro Coelho

Abstract

Corticosteroids are drugs widely used in veterinary neurology due to their recognized analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. However, their use in high doses and long terms may result in undesirable effects and disorders in other systems. This study describes the prevalence of dogs with neurological diseases referred to a veterinary neurology reference service with previous prescription of corticosteroids. For the retrospective study 284 medical records of dogs were evaluated in the period between August 2017 and April 2019. Of these, 194 (68%) patients already had medical care by another veterinary, and, 100 (52%) had previous prescription for the corticosteroid use. After the diagnosis, the dose was suspended in 28% of the cases, adjusted in 41% and maintained in 31%. Dogs with immunosuppressive doses prescription were the most affected, and the medication was adjusted or suspended in 71% and 21% of the cases, respectively. In conclusion, the therapy for neurological diseases is still strongly associated with the indiscriminate use of corticosteroids, without a dose correlation with the desired effect.

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How to Cite
Brock, G. W., Lopes Fernandes, M. E. ., Corrêa, C. G., Peixoto, A. J. R. ., Gradowski Adeodato, A. ., de Almeida Balthazar, D. ., de Albuquerque da Silva, M. F. ., & Molinaro Coelho, C. M. . (2020). CORTICOSTEROIDS USE IN NEUROLOGY: HOW DOGS ARE REFERRAL TO A NEUROLOGY SERVICE?. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 42(1), e106520. https://doi.org/10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm106520
Section
Scientific articles

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