Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pet dogs and factors determining it, in urban area

  • LISSET LOYOLA-SUAREZ Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México
  • ADRIAN GUZMAN-SANCHEZ Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7820-7760
  • NORMA ANGELICA SERRANO-AGUILAR Policlínica-Veterinaria, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Tlahuac, Ciudad de México, México
  • SILVIA GUADALUPE ESTRADA-BARRON Policlínica- Veterinaria, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Tlahuac, Ciudad de México, México
  • ANA MARIA ROSALES-TORRES Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México
  • JOSE ANTONIO HERRERA BARRAGAN Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – UAM, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México, México
Keywords: Breed, dogs, sex, deworming, gastrointestinal parasites

Abstract

 The aim of present study was to evaluate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite infection and related factors that govern prevalence in pet dogs. Of 200 fecal samples screened, a prevalence of 39% was observed, in which Toxocara canis (37%) and coccidian (29%) were predominant. Factors that could be associated with an increase in the probability of parasite detection in fecal samples included time since the last deworming, sex, and breed. Pet dogs with > 6 months since the last deworming had a 1.5 times higher probability (P<0.05) of gastrointestinal parasite infection, whereas purebred and males tended to have (P<0.10) 0.9 and 0.8 times higher probability of gastrointestinal parasite infection than crossbreed and female dogs, respectively. In conclusion, results suggested that animals with > 6 months since last deworming, purebred, and male dogs exhibited a comparatively higher prevalence and probability of gastrointestinal parasite infection.

Published
2019-04-17
How to Cite
LOYOLA-SUAREZ, L., GUZMAN-SANCHEZ, A., SERRANO-AGUILAR, N. A., ESTRADA-BARRON, S. G., ROSALES-TORRES, A. M., & HERRERA BARRAGAN, J. A. (2019). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in pet dogs and factors determining it, in urban area. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 41, e100119. https://doi.org/10.29374/2527-2179.bjvm100119
Section
Scientific articles